Potato is a starchy root vegetable of Central American origin. This humble tuber is one of the most widely grown crops and one of the cheapest staple food items eaten by population all-over the world. Botanically, it belongs to the various perennial subspecies of Solanum tuberosum, in the Solanaceae family.
The patata plant grows about 12 to 18 inches in length and bears many tubers underground. The tubers usually have round to oval or oblong shape but vary widely in size. Internally, its flesh features bright cream-white, rose red, or russet color depending on the variety with moist, crunchy texture and once baked, has special buttery "potato" flavor.